Agriculture Export Policy: Objective and Vision in India

India is among the world's leading producer of cereals, milk, sugar, fruits and vegetables, spices, eggs and seafood products. India's share in global exports of agriculture products has increased from 1?ew years ago, to 2.2% in 2016. Recent growth rates show that agri-food production is rising faster than growth in domestic demand, and volume of surplus for export is witnessing accelerated growth.

 Agriculture Export Policy: Objective and Vision in India

 Agriculture Export Policy: Objective and Vision in India

A dynamic nation of 1.3 billion consumers with increased discretionary revenues
As a major consumer market and as a key food supplier, India has moved towards the world as a centre, with food patterns, vast farming areas, diverse agriculture and large farming population. "Bake in India," i.e. a renewed focus on adding value and on processed agricultural products, has been suggestive frequently for a key element of "Make in India." Scientists and politicians have had to consider how we grow, feed 7.5 billion global citizens, thanks to a fast-growing global population and degradation of farms, combined with changing socio-economic, agroclimate and dietary patterns in the region. The quest for India is thus sustainable growth, abundant trade and harmonious progress. Exports of agricultural products, if well supported by infrastructure, institutional safeguards, packaging, goods.

In a position to transform the agricultural economy the transportation and connected with the internal production system, supported by market access. However, the challenges are abundant; from low farm productivity to poor infrastructure to global market access price volatility. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi 's vision of double farm income by 2022 would necessitate a series of interventions aimed at improving production and productivity, improving the cost of agricultural products and reducing production costs. A dedicated agricultural export policy has been a longstanding necessity in India.

Due to the federal and administrative structure of the Union and State governments, there is a need for a dedicated policy under the Department of Commerce (DoC) overarching umbrella. While the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmer Welfare (DAC&FW) and the Department of Animal Husbandry , Dairying and Fisheries (DAHDF) concentrate on production, pre-harvest and income growth for farmers, the Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) focuses on adding value, post-harvest losses and generating employment. The DoC, on the other hand , focuses on sector-to-sector foreign trade. A stable and predictable Agriculture Export Policy aimed at reinvigorating the entire value chain from export-oriented farm production and processing to transport, infrastructure and market access is an increasing need for the Government of India. It is necessary to match the Agriculture Export Policy with the existing framework for agriculture and surplus agricultural products. A symbiotic relationship exists between, on the one hand, a Sustainable Agriculture Framework and, on the other, a viable Agriculture Export Policy. There is a need to develop a policy that, through crucial export opportunities, will deliver income into farmers' pockets.

The Agriculture Export Policy focuses on export-oriented agricultural production, export promotion, better realisation and synchronisation of farmers within the Government of India's policies and programmes. A "Farmers' Centric Approach" is required to improve revenue by adding value to the source itself, which will help to minimise losses across the value chain. In order to achieve the twin goal of food security, India needs to have a farmer-oriented strategy and a world-famous agricultural exporter. The policy will also give food processing / manufacturing a major boost to much higher food production growth, which will increase India 's share of value-added processed products in its global export basket for agriculture. The general priorities and vision are outlined below.

                                    INDIA’S AGRICULTURE EXPORT POLICY- OBJECTIVES

To double agricultural exports from present ~US$ 30+ Billion to ~US$ 60+
Billion by 2022 and reach US$ 100 Billion in the next few years thereafter, with
a stable trade policy regime.
• To diversify our export basket, destinations and boost high value and value
added agricultural exports including focus on perishables.
• To promote novel, indigenous, organic, ethnic, traditional and non-traditional
Agri products exports.
• To provide an institutional mechanism for pursuing market access, tackling
barriers and deal with sanitary and phytosanitary issues.
• To strive to double India’s share in world agri exports by integrating with global
value chain at the earliest.
• Enable farmers to get benefit of export opportunities in overseas market.

                                          INDIA’S AGRICULTURE EXPORT POLICY-VISION

Utilize the export potential of Indian agriculture to make India a global power in agriculture and increase farmers ' incomes through appropriate policy instruments.

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